The drone attack on President Nicolás Maduro during a speech at a military parade on Aug. 4 was shrouded in intrigue: Who did it? How did it happen? That was partly because the state TV channel that was broadcasting it didn’t offer a complete picture. The livestream cut away at a key time, and audio of the explosions was hard to hear or discern. Moments later, the broadcast showed a panicked crowd fleeing the area, but we’re not sure why.
In short, there was a dearth of material to help us understand whether a sitting president was the target of a hit job.
This was complicated by the severe restrictions on independent media and freedom of expression in the country, which create major challenges for reporting. So how can journalists piece together a visual investigation in a place where it is exceedingly hard to get footage or talk to sources? One strategy is to scour both social media and official news wires for every piece of visual content, scrutinize it and create a basic timeline and map.
In our research, we were able to find a video that contained the sounds of explosions and helped us confirm the timing and locations of the explosions. Features from this new footage, like buildings or street lamps, can be matched with satellite images on Google Earth to identify locations. We can then create a simple crime scene reconstruction.
Here is what we learned: At around 5:39 p.m. on Saturday, Aug. 4, Mr. Maduro and his entourage spotted an object above them while he was giving his speech. This was a likely drone passing over. Two minutes later, two commercial drones carrying explosives detonated, one within his sight, a second one two blocks away. This and more can be watched in our video reconstruction.
Though the government has made several arrests and blamed opposition figures, it remains unclear exactly who may have carried out the attack.